Dec 30, 2017 | English

Just like in previous years, I will try to summarize our achievements in the field of mycorrhization and outline our plans for 2018. During the upcoming year, we wish to introduce a new quality of mycorrhization. We will enhance our vaccines which currently are typically mycorrhizal ones with fungal and bacterial formulations, the purpose of which is to increase the biological capabilities of the soil in both ecological, as well as traditional cultivation. As a result, the plants cultivated on such plantations will feature a greater resistance to diseases and environmental stress factors, as well as provide higher yields. Of course, combining the new vaccines with the mycorrhizal ones is possible. Such combined action is always a more powerful option.

Some information regarding our achievements and plans is presented below;

  1. TRUFFLES; Finally, after several years of waiting after the mycorrhization of the plantation, mainly hazels, the truffle species which were introduced, have been found. In some cases, even additional ones have appeared (Tuber dryophilum) which might have been present as associates in root isolates. We can now confidently recommend and perform mycorrhization with the following truffle species:
  • Tuber magnatum pico
  • melanosporum
  • macrosporum
  • aestivum
  • albidum
  • borchii
  • uncinatum
  • mesentericum

A summer truffle from our mycorrhization

These are the species, the mycelium of which we will use for mycorrhization procedures during the upcoming year, 2018.

2. GRAPES are a plant for which the mycorrhization of plantations (vineyards) is particularly recommended for ecological (natural) cultivation. A further experiment conducted in the Austrian region of Burgenland, at the Umathum vineyard, has proved the validity and the enormous advantages of mycorrhization. One can say that „it can’t be done in any other way”. Analyses of fruit after just 3 (three) months after the mycorrhization took place have shown results which even we did not expect to be found in such a short time. Evidence below:

We might add that the vineyard is situated on very rocky ground, on a slope, at risk of overdrying due to winds from the direction of the lake. Of course, it has to be noted that the mycorrhization has been carried out using the new generation of grapevine vaccines which were obtained from previously mycorrhized vineyards and natural habitats where we planted young bushes which were not mycorrhized. At the moment, work on new mycelia from planted mycorrhizal traps is underway. 2018 should bring exceptional results of applying mycorrhization to vineyards – and large orders.

3. ORCHARDS AND RASPBERRY PLANTATIONS; the owners of ecological plantations of these plants are becoming more interested in mycorrhization. Of course, they are often deceived and misinformed by unfair “competitors”, but the producers who have already mycorrhized their plantations are the best source of information on the subject and will attest to the advantages of the procedure. Comparing the taste and quality of the raspberries from a mycorrhized plantation with those grown without it allows you to appreciate the effects these wonderful fungi provide, as the raspberries taste as good as those picked in the forest or even better as they are larger and sweeter. Juice or liquor made from them would be delicious. And they are growing on such a substrate that you would be forgiven for asking the owner why he threw so many stones around the plants (was it supposed to make the plantation look nicer or did he intend to make a road there?).

Raspberries on stony rendzina soil during the first year after planting

As far as orchards are concerned, nobody in Wojciechów needs to be convinced that mycorrhization is a good investment. They also know that the period of return on investment is short. Three years ago, the pear trees had leaves the colour of lemons and this year all of them were a beautiful green, not to mention the number of good pears on the trees. It’s worth to ask the owner, Kamil Kutyna. For those interested, here is his phone number: +48 792 878 701.

Pear trees prior to mycorrhization in 2014 (above) and in 2017 (below).

4. TREES IN WARSAW AND OTHER CITIES; While I do think that ecological plantations of various plants should be the first to be mycorrhized, for city dwellers, the trees around them are very important. This is why we are preparing special vaccines with a wide variety of mycorrhizal fungi, bacteria, and entomopathogenic fungi, which are being applied by Jurek Nieswadba in the cities. In Warsaw, several mycorrhization procedures on quite a large scale have been performed.  The effects of those first few ones are already visible in the form of healthy growing trees. The trees which have the status of protected ones are of particular significance, as these natural monuments should be safeguarded in the first place. This is exactly what we are doing and I think that we will continue our development in this important direction.

Mycorrhization of a historic tree avenue in Warsaw

5. NEW ECOLOGICAL PRODUCTS;  we are preparing new bacterial products improving the quality and diversity of soil microflora and limiting the activity and spread of various diseases, as well as soil nematodes. The bacterial formulations will contain a declared number of live bacteria of ca. 109 /ml which means that in a one-hectare dose, there will be 25x1010 live bacteria that could be added to the mycorrhizal vaccine or sprayed onto the ground. One may also add fungi which are antagonistic towards many insects to the mycorrhizal vaccine. These formulations are adjusted to the risk posed by insect pests (e.g. the Japanese beetle – Popillia japonica) in a given environment and of course, it is living mycelium, not a dry preparation as there are no universally effective fungi, especially dry ones. Orchard owners and other producers, not necessarily just those who have ecological plantations, often have major problems with new plantings in places that exhibit soil fatigue. Such a complex vaccine is the best solution to this problem. It limits the activity of organisms which have a destructive effect on cultivation. Restoring the soil at a given location to its biological “dynamic balance” allows you to limit or eliminate the need for many procedures which employ chemical agents. This is why we are not popular among manufacturers of such agents. But if you view the whole matter from an economic perspective, as I have already emphasized many times, this is a procedure which is carried out once every 10 or more years and is therefore much cheaper.

6. Breaking news: we are preparing the newest vaccine against crown gall disease (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) which contains a strain of bacteria antagonistic to this pathogen. This is relevant both to plant nursery owners and orchard owners as the crown gall disease bacterium may considerably stunt the growth both among new plantings and in orchard renewals. We will begin the manufacturing process once we receive the first orders.

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